Islam ki woh buniyadi baatein jiska janna har musalmaan ke liye zaroori hai

Islam ki woh buniyadi baatein jiska janna har musalmaan ke liye zaroori hai

(Shaikh Abdul Azeez ibn Abdullah Ibn Baaz rahimahullah)

Note: Is mukhtasar risaala me sirf un niqaat ko likha gaya hai jo Shaykh Ibn Baaz rahimahaullah ne apne asal kitaab me likhe hain, iske alaawa kuch niqaat jisme tafseel thi, unko is summary me shaamil nahi kiya gaya hai.

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Dars 1:

Shahadatain ka maa’na:

“Ashhadu an laa ilaaha illallahu wa ashhadu anna muhammadur rasulullaah”

“Main gawaahi deta hoon ki Allah ke siwa koi bhi sachha maabood nahi aur Muhammad sallallahu alaihi wasallam Allah ke rasool hain.”

La ilaaha illallaah ke arkaan:

  1. La ilaaha: Har maabood ka inkaar
  2. Illallaah: Sirf Allah ke haqeeqi maabood hone ka iqraar

La ilaaha ke shuroot (conditions):

  1. Ilm X Jahal
  2. Yaqeen X Shakk
  3. Ikhlaas X Riyaa
  4. Sachhai X Jhoot
  5. Muhabbat X Nafrat
  6. Inqiyaad X Irtidaad
  7. Qubool X Inkaar
  8. Kufr bit taaghoot

Dars 2:

Emaan ke 6 arkaan:

  1. Allah par emaan
  2. Allah ke farishton par emaan
  3. Allah ke naazil karda kitaabo par emaan
  4. Allah ke rasulo par emaan
  5. Aakhirat ke din par emaan
  6. Achhi aur buri tadqeer par emaan

Dars 3:

Tawheed aur Shirk ke aqsaam:

Tawheed ke 3 qisme hain:

  1. Tawheed Ar-Rububiyyah (Allah taa’la hi rabb hai, paida karne wala, rozi dene wala, tadbeer karne wala etc.)
  2. Tawheed Al-Uluhiyyah (Sirf Allah taa’la hi har qism ki ibaadat ka mustahiq hai)
  3. Tawheed Al-Asmaa was-Sifat (Allah apne achhe naam aur sifaat e kaamil me akela hai)

Shirk ke 3 qisme hain:

  1. Shirk Al-Akbar (Bada shirk jisse ek musalmaan islaam se bahar ho jata hai, jaise gairullah se dua karna, gairullah ke liye zabah karna etc.)
  2. Shirk Al-Asghar (Chota shirk, jisse ek musalmaan islam se bahar nahi hota magar kabeera gunaaho me se hai, jaise gairullah ki qasam khana etc.)
  3. Shirk Al-Khafiyy (Chupa shirk, jaise ibaadat me dikhawa, chupa shirk upar dono qismo me paya ja sakta hai)

Dars 4:

Islam ke 5 arkaan:

  1. Shahadatain : Is baat ki gawaahi dena ki Allah ke siwa koi sachha maabood nahi aur is baat ki gawaahi dena ki Muhammad sallallahu alaihi wasallam Allah ke rasool hain
  2. Paanch waqt ki namaaz pabandi ke saath qaayam karna
  3. Zakaat adaa karna
  4. Ramadaan ke mahine ka roza rakhna
  5. Agar istataa’at ho toh baitullah ka hajj karna

Dars 5:

Shuroot as salaah (Namaz ki shartein):

  1. Islam lana
  2. Aql wala ho
  3. tameez hona
  4. Choti aur badi safaai se paak ho
  5. Gandagi ka hatana
  6. Satar ka chupana
  7. Namaz ka waqt ka daakhil hona
  8. Qibla ke taraf chehra karna
  9. Niyat (dil se) karna

Dars 6:

Namaz ke 14 arkaan:

  1. Qayaam (khada hona)
  2. Takbeer kehna
  3. Surah Fatiha ki tilawat
  4. Ruku karna
  5. Ruku se uthna
  6. Ruku ke baad seedhe khade hona
  7. Saat aaza’ par sajdah karna
  8. Sajdah se uthna
  9. Do sajdo ke darmiyan baithna
  10. Khushoo aur khuzu’ ko qayam rakhna
  11. Aakhri tashahhud padhna
  12. Aakhri tashahhud padhne waqt baithna
  13. Rasool par durood bhejna
  14. Taslim (salaam) karna

Dars 7:

Namaz ke 8 waajibaat:

  1. Pehli takbeer ke siwa baki tamaam takbeeraat
  2. Imam aur muqtadi (jab akele namaz padhe) ka “sami’ allahu liman hamidah” kehna
  3. Imam aur muqtadi (akele ya jamaat me) ka “rabbana lakal hamd” padhna
  4. Ruku me “subhana rabbiyal azeem” padhna
  5. Sajde me “subhana rabbiyal aala” padhna
  6. Do sajdo ke darmiyan “rabbigh firlee” padhna
  7. Pehli tashhahud padhna
  8. Pehli tashhahud baith kar padhna

Dars 8:

Namaz ki sunan (sunnatein):

  1. Istiftaah (sanaa padhna)
  2. Daaye hatheli ko baaye haath par seene par rakhna
  3. Pehli takbeer, ruku se pehle, ruku ke baad aur teesri rakat ke liye uthne par haatho ko kandho ya kaano tak uthana (raful yadain)
  4. Ruku aur sajde me tasbeeh (subhana rabbiyal azeem aur subhana rabbiyal aalaa) ek baar se zyada padhna
  5. Do sajdo ke darmiyaan “Rabbigh firlee” ek baar se zyada padhna
  6. Sajde me haatho ko pet aur jaangh se alag rakhna
  7. Sajde me haatho aur kehuni (elbow) ko zameen se upar rakhna
  8. Do sajdo ke darmiyan, baaye pair par baithna, daaye pair ko khada rakhna, daaye pair ke anguliyon ko qibla rukh karna
  9. Aakhri tashhahud me baaye kulhe par baithna aur daaye pair ko khada rakhna
  10. Darood e ibraahimi padhna
  11. Aakhri tashhahud me dua karna
  12. Fajr ki do rakat, maghrib ki pehli do rakat aur isha ki pehli do rakat me Quran ki qirat zor se karna
  13. Zuhr ki 4 rakat, asar ki 4 rakat, maghrib ki aakhri rakat aur isha ki aakhri 2 rakat me qirat dheere karna
  14. Surah faatiha ke alawa koi aur surat ka padhna

Dars 9:

Nawaakiz as salaah (Namaaz ko todne wali cheezien):

  1. Namaz ke dauran batein karna jabki ye ilm ho ki baat karne se namaz toot jati hai.
  2. Hasna
  3. Khana
  4. Peena
  5. Satar (naaf se ghutna) ka khul jana
  6. Qiblah se bahut zyada redha hokar namaz padhna
  7. Namaz me bahut zyada harkat karna
  8. Wuzu ka toot jana

Dars 10:

Shuroot al wudhu (Wuzu ke shuroot):

  1. Islaam
  2. Aqal
  3. tameez
  4. Niyyat
  5. Niyyat ko wudhu ke mukammal hone tak barqaraar rakhna
  6. hadath ki takmeel (complete cessation of impurity such as urine and stool)
  7. Sharmgaah ko pani, mitti, pathar ya toilet paper se saaf karna
  8. Wudhu ke paani ka paak hona aur istemaal jaaiz hona
  9. Pani ko badan par lagne se rokne wali cheezo ko hatana (e.g. nailpolish, paint)
  10. Jiska wudhu gair iraadi taur par toot jata hai, uske liye har namaz me wudhu karna, jab us namaz ka waqt daakhil ho jaye

Dars 11:

Waajibaat al wudhu (wudhu ke waajibaat):

  1. Naak me pani dalna, kulli karna aur pure chehre ko dhona
  2. Kehuni tak dono haath dhona
  3. Sar ka masah karna
  4. Takhne tak dono pair dhona
  5. Wudhu me tarteeb (order) qayam karna
  6. Wudhu me silsila (continuity) jari rakhna

Dars 12:

Nawaakiz al wudhu (wudhu ko todne wali cheezein):

  1. Sharmgaah se najaasat ka nikalna
  2. Badan se aisi cheezo ka nikalna jo najasat me shumaar hota hai
  3. Behoshi ki haalat chahe neend se aaye ya koi aur wajah se
  4. Sharmgaah ko chuna bina kisi aad (kapda, gloves etc.) ke
  5. Oonth (camel) ka gosht khana
  6. Murtadd (islam se bahar) ho jana

Dars 13:

Musalmaan ke Akhlaaqi sifaat:

  1. Sachhai
  2. Wafaadaari
  3. Iffat (chastity)
  4. Inkisaari (modesty)
  5. Bahaduri
  6. Sakhawat (generosity)
  7. Amaanatdaari
  8. Allah ke haraam kiye hue cheezo se bachna
  9. Achha padosi banna
  10. Zaroorat mando ko hasbe istitaa’at madad karna

Dars 14:

Islaami Akhlaaq:

  1. Salaam karna
  2. Khush-mijaazi
  3. Seedhe haath se khana aur peena
  4. Ghar aur Masjid me daakhil hone aur nikalne ke aadaab
  5. Safar me islaami aadaab
  6. Waalidain, rishtedaar, padosi, buzurg aur bachho ke saath husn e sulook
  7. Wilaadat me bachhe ke maa-baap ko islami tareeqe se badhaai dena
  8. Shogwaar ko tasalli dena aur sabr ki talqeen karna

Dars 15:

Maa’siyat (gunaah) ke kaamo se bachna:

  1. Shirk (Allah ki ibaadat me shirk karna)
  2. Jaadu tona karna ya karwana
  3. Sharee’ hudood ya qisaas ke alaawa Qatl karna
  4. Yateem ka maal hadapna
  5. Soodi karobaar karna
  6. Haakim e waqt ke lashkar (fauj) me shaamil hone se mana karna jab fauj nikal pada ho
  7. Paak daaman, nek aur momin aurat par tohmat lagana
  8. Waaldain ki nafarmaani
  9. Khoon ke Rishto ko todna
  10. Jhooti gawaahi dena
  11. Durug halfi (jhoota bayaan dena) karna
  12. Padosi ko takleef dena
  13. Doosro ke jaan, maal aur izzat me haqtalfi karna.

Ref: https://abumaryamarif.blogspot.in/2015/11/islam-ki-woh-buniyadi-baatein-jiska.html

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